To improve heavy clay soil, you can follow these steps:
Add Organic Matter: Incorporate well-rotted compost, aged manure, or leaf mould into the soil. This helps improve drainage, aeration, and nutrient content.
Mulch: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw, to the soil surface. Mulching helps prevent compaction, retains moisture, and provides a gradual source of organic matter as it breaks down.
Avoid Overworking: Avoid excessive tilling or digging of clay soil, as it can lead to compaction. Instead, use a no-dig approach and focus on improving the soil structure gradually over time.
Raised Beds: Consider creating raised beds filled with a mixture of improved soil and compost. This provides better drainage and allows for easier cultivation.